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Articles and Conference Proceedings

Articles in Peer-Reviewed Journals and Conference Proceedings

  • Bilal, D., & Zhang, Y. (2019). Tell me what I need to know! Youth’s conceptual understanding of the internet and search engines. Proceedings of the 12th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation (ICERI 2019).
    Seville, Spain, November 11-13 (in press).
  • Huang, L. M., & Bilal, D. (2019). Speaking out: International doctoral students’ information needs, seeking behaviors, feelings, and experience during the process of applying for graduate study in the US. Libri: International Journal of Libraries and Information Studies, 69(3), 213–228.
  • Huang, L. M., & Bilal, D. (2019). Usability of university recruitment web pages from international doctoral students’ perspectives. In Proceedings ofthe 2019 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCII2019), Orlando, FL, July 26-31 (pp. 505-521). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-23535-2_37
  • Roth, K. C., & Bilal, D. (2019). User-centered survey design: Considering group membership effects on survey responses. In Proceedings ofthe 2019 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCII2019), Orlando, FL, July 26-31 (pp. 478-491). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-23570-3_36
  • Bilal, D., & Huang, L. M. (2019). Readability and word complexity of SERPs snippets and web pages on children’s search queries: Google vs Bing. Aslib Journal of Information Management71(2), 241-259. https://doi.org/10.1108/AJIM-05-2018-0124
  • Bilal, D., & Gwizdka, J. (2018). Children’s query types and reformulations in Google search. Information Processing and Management, 54(6), 1022-1041. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2018.06.008
  • Allard, S., Bilal, D., Fleming-May, R., Forrester, A., Frame, A., Mayes, R., & Tenopir, C. (2018). Merging coursework with real world experience: Testing user experience in a science agency. Proceedings of the iConference 2018, Special Program: iSchools and Industry Partnerships, March 25-18, Sheffield, UK (pp. 1-7). Springer Lecture Note Series. https://ischools.org/resources/Documents/iconf%202018/iSchool-industry.partnerships-UXA.pdf
  • Fleming-May, R., Mays, R., Forrester, A., Walker, T., Tenopir, C., Bilal, D., & Allard, S. (2017). Experience assessment: Designing an innovative curriculum for assessment and UX professionals. Performance Measurement and Metrics, 19(1), 30-39. https://doi.org/10.1108/PMM-09-2017-0036
  • Gwizdka, J., & Bilal, D. (2017). Analysis of children’s queries and click behavior on ranked results and their thought processes in Google search. Proceedings of the 2017 Conference on Conference Human Information Interaction and Retrieval (CHIIR’17), Oslo, Norway, March 7-11 (pp. 377-380). https://doi.org/10.1145/3020165.3022157
  • Bilal, D., & Gwizdka, J. (2016). Children’s eye fixations on Google search results. Proceedings of the 79th 2016 Annual Meeting of the Association for Information Science and Technology, Copenhagen, Denmark, 14-18 October (pp. 89-94). https://doi/pdf/10.1002/pra2.2016.14505301089
  • Abdallah, F., & Bilal, Dania. (2015). Exploring the effectiveness of library services and resources in academic libraries in Lebanon from users’ perspectives. Proceedings of the IFLA WLIC 2015. Cape Town, South Africa. http://library.ifla.org/1157/1/147-abdallah-doc.pdf
  • Bilal, D. (2013). Comparing Google’s readability of search results to the Flesch readability formulae: A preliminary analysis on children’s search queries. Proceedings of the 76th ASIS&T Annual Meeting. Montreal, Canada, 1-5 November, 50(1), pp. 1-9. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/meet.14505001094/full
  • Bilal, D., & Boehm, M. (2013). Towards new methodologies for assessing relevance of information retrieval from web search engines on children’s queries. Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods in Libraries (QQML): An International Journal of Library and Information Science, 1(March), 93–100. http://www.qqml.net/papers/March_2013_Issue/2111QQML_Journal_2013_Bilal_et_al_1. 93-100.pdf
  • Bilal, D. (2012). Ranking, relevance judgment, and precision of information retrieval on children’s queries: Evaluation of Google, Yahoo!, Bing, Yahoo! Kids, and Ask Kids. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(9), 1879-1896. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.22675/full
  • Bilal, D., & Ellis, R. (2011). Evaluating leading web search engines on children’s queries. Computer Science, 6764. Proceedings of the Human-Computer Interaction International Orlando, Florida, 9-14 July (pp. 549-558). http://www.springerlink.com/content/p45r64lvk1085708/
  • Bilal, D. (2011). Qualitative and quantitative research methods in studies of children’s information behavior. The 3rd Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Libraries International Conference. Athens, Greece, 24-27 May. Online.
  • Bilal, D. (2010). The mediated information needs of children on the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Proceedings of the 31st ACM SIGIR Workshop on Accessible Search Systems. Geneva, Switzerland, 19-23 July (pp. 42-49). http://personal.cis.strath.ac.uk/~ir/accessiblesearch/final_proceedings.pdf#page=46.
  • Bilal, D., & Sarangthem, S. (2009). Meditating differences in children’s interaction with digital libraries through modeling their tasks. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 49(1), 1-9. Vancouver, Canada, 6-11 November. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/meet.2009.1450460394
  • Bilal, D., Sarangthem, S., & Bachir, I. (2008). Toward a model of children’s information seeking behavior in using digital libraries. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 348. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Information Interaction in Context (IIiX). October 14-17, London, UK (pp. 145-151). http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=1414694.1414727
  • Bilal, D., & Sarangthem, S. (2008). Task-based models of children’s information-seeking behavior in digital libraries. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the International Association of School Librarianship (IASL). Berkeley, CA, 3-7 August. http://www.kzneducation.gov.za/Portals/0/ELITS%20website%20Homepage/IASL%2020 08/research%20forum/bilalrf.pdf
  • Bilal, D., & Bachir, I. (2007). Children’s interaction with international and multilingual digital libraries: I. Understanding interface design representations. Information Processing & Management, 43(1), 47-64. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030645730600080X
  • Bilal, D., & Bachir, I. (2007). Children’s interaction with international and multilingual digital libraries. II. Information seeking, success, and affective experience. Information Processing & Management, 43(1), 65-80. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306457306000793
  • Mehra, B., & Bilal, D. (2007). International students’ perceptions of their information seeking strategies. Proceedings of the 2007 Canadian Association for Information Science (CAIS/ACSI). Montreal, Quebec, 10-12 May. http://www.cais-ca/proceedings/2007/mehra_2007.pdf
  • Bilal, D. (2006). Measuring the usability of an international user interface: Culture and design representations. In Human-Computer Interaction Symposium, The American Society for Information Science & Technology. http://web.utk.edu/~dania/HCI%20Symposium.doc
  • Bilal, D. (2006). Assessing the usability of cross-cultural digital libraries for Arabic-speaking children. Proceedings of LIDA 2006: Libraries in the Digital Age Conference. Dubrovnik, Croatia, 30 May-3 June, 49-62.
  • Bilal, D., & Wang, P. (2005). Children’s conceptual structures of science categories and the design of Web directories. Journal of the American Society for Information & Technology, 56(12), 1303-1313. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.20216
  • Bilal, D. (2005). Children’s information seeking and the design of digital interfaces in the affective paradigm. Library Trends, 54(2), 197-208. http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/lib/summary/v054/54.2bilal.html
  • Bilal, D. (2005). Nacrtaj i objasni: Djeca kao dizajneri internetskih sucelja. Dijete i drustvo, 6(2), 321-334. [Published in Croatian language in the cited Croatian journal]. This article is a translation of the original article: Draw and tell: Children as designers of Web interfaces. Proceedings of the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science & Technology. Long Beach, CA 18-22 October, 135-141. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/meet.1450400117
  • Bilal, D. (2004). Children and the Web. In C. Ghaoui (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction (pp. 93-97). Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire.
  • Bilal, D. (2003). Draw and tell: Children as designers of Web interfaces. Proceedings of the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science & Technolo 18-22 October, Long Beach, CA (pp. 135-141). http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/meet.1450400117/abstract?deniedAccessCust omisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false
  • Bilal, D., & Wang, P. (2003). Children’s categorization and the design of taxonomic categories in search engines. Proceedings of LIDA 2003 Libraries in the Digital Age Conference. 24-30 May, Dubrovnik, Croatia (pp. 1-4). http://lida.ffos.hr/2003/presentations/bilal.ppt
  • Bilal, D., & Kirby, J. (2002). Differences and similarities in information seeking: Children and adults as Web users. Information Processing & Management, 38(5), 649-670. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306457301000577
  • Bilal, D. (2002). Perspectives on children’s navigation of the World Wide Web: Does the type of search task make a difference? Online Information Review, 26(2), 108-117. http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/14684520210425376
  • Bilal, D. (2002). Children’s use of the Yahooligans! Web search engine. III. Cognitive and physical behaviors on fully self-generated tasks. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 53(13), 1170-1183. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.10145
  • Bilal, D. (2002). Children design their interfaces for Web search engines: A participatory approach. Proceedings of the 30th Canadian Association of Information Science (CAIS/ACSI) Conference. Toronto, Canada, 30 May-1 June (pp. 204-214). http://www.cais-acsi.ca/proceedings/2002/Bilal_2002.pdf
  • Bilal, D. (2001). Children’s use of the Yahooligans! Web search engine. II. Cognitive and physical behaviors on research tasks. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 52(2), 118-137. http://twiki.cite.hku.hk/pub/MITE6025/GroupD/Childrens_use_of_the_Yahooligans!_Web pdf
  • Bilal, D., & Kirby, J. (2001). Factors influencing children’s and adults’ information seeking on the Web: Results of two studies. Proceedings of the 64th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science & Technology. Washington, D.C., 3-8 November (pp. 126-140). https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ637598
  • Bilal, D., & Kirby, J. (2001). Middle school students and graduate students as Web information seekers. Proceedings of the 29th Canadian Association for Information Science (CAIS/ACSI) Conference. Quebec, Canada, 27-29 May (pp. 30-43). http://www.cais-acsi.ca/proceedings/2001/Bilal_2001.pdf
  • Bilal, D. (2001). Testing the use of the Internet with children. Proceedings of the National Online Meeting. New York, NY, 15-17 May 15-17 (pp. 59-72).
  • Bilal, D. (2000). Children’s use of the Yahooligans! Web search engine. I. Cognitive, physical, and affective behaviors on fact-based tasks. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 51(7), 646-665. http://ithreads.pbworks.com/f/yhoo1.pdf
  • Bilal, D. (1999). Web search engines for children: A comparative study and performance evaluation of Yahooligans! Ask Jeeves for Kids, and Super Snooper. Proceedings of the 62nd ASIS Annual Meeting. Washington, D.C., 31 October-4 November (Vol. 36 pp. 70-82). https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ597561
  • Bilal, D., Barry, J., & Penniman, D. W. (1999). Automated system marketplace 1999: A balancing act. Library Journal, April 1, 45-54.
  • Bilal, D., & Watson, J. (1998). Children’s paperless projects: Inspiring research via the Web. Proceedings of the 64th International Federations of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 16-21 August (pp. 101-107). (Principal ) https://archive.ifla.org/IV/ifla64/009-131e.htm
  • Bilal, D. (1998). Children’s search processes in using World Wide Web search engines: An exploratory study. Proceedings of the 61st ASIS Annual Meeting. Pittsburg, PA, 25-29 October (Vol. 35 pp. 45-53). https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ575850
  • Barry, J., Bilal, D., & Penniman, D.W. (1998). Automated system marketplace 1998: The competitive struggle. Library Journal, 1 April, 43-52.
  • Bilal, D., & Price, C. (1997). The impact of a technology-rich environment. Proceedings of the International Association of School Librarianship. Vancouver, Canada, 6-11 July (pp.137-141). http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED412942.pdf#page=152
  • Bilal, D. (1996). Information retrieval in cyberspace. Proceedings of the 1996 American Society of Information Science Mid-Year Meeting, San Diego, CA, 20-22 May (pp. 224-237).
  • Bilal, D. (1996). Teaching reference via the Internet. GAIT Connection (The Newsletter of the Georgia Association for Information Technology), 5(2), 10-16. Invited.
  • Bilal, D. (1995). CD-ROM vs. Online vs. Internet: Search strategies and evaluation from the users’ perspectives. Proceedings of the 16th National Online Meeting. New York, May (pp. 295-308).
  • Bilal, D. (1995). Online catalogs as gateways to the Internet: Navigation strategies, benefits, and issues. Proceedings of the 10th National Conference on Integrated Online Library Systems. New York (pp. 107-118).
  • Meghabghab, G.V., & Bilal, D. (1995). Multiversion information retrieval: Performance evaluation of neural networks vs. Dempster-Shafer model. In: E. A. Yfantis (Ed.), Intelligent Systems ( 537-545). The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Bilal, D. (1994). Automating library media centers in Georgia: A survey of practices, knowledge, issues, and trends. School Library Media Quarterly, 22(4), 221-230.
  • Meghabghab, G.V., & Bilal, D. (1994). INN: An intelligent neural network for information systems: A design model. Information Processing & Management, 30(5), 663-685. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0306457394900779
  • Bilal, D. (1994). Purchasing a microcomputer-based automated system for school and public libraries: Points to consider and pitfalls to avoid. Proceedings of the Ninth Integrated Online Library Systems. New York (pp. 139-146).
  • Meghabghab, G.V., & Bilal, D. (1991). Application of information theory to query negotiation: Toward an optimal questioning strategy. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 42(6), 457-462. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4571(199107)42:6<457::AID-ASI8>3.0.CO;2-
  • Blazek, R., & Bilal, D. (1988). Problems with OPAC: A case study of an academic research library. RQ, 28(2), 169-178.